William S. Lind, also known as William Sturgiss Lind, was born on July 9, 1947, in Cleveland, Ohio. He is an American [[conservative]] author and activist, known for his alignment with paleoconservatism. Lind is particularly noted as one of the first proponents of the [fourth-generation warfare (4GW) theory](https://doctorparadox.net/save-democracy/)​. Lind graduated from Dartmouth College in 1969 with a Bachelor's degree in History and then from Princeton University in 1971 with a Master's degree in History. After growing tired of his doctoral work at Princeton, Lind secured a position with Senator Robert Taft Jr., where he began analyzing defense policy. He later served as a legislative aide for Senator Gary Hart from 1977 to 1986. During his time with these senators, Lind received criticism for advising on military matters without having served in the military or worn a uniform​[1](https://www.howold.co/person/william-s-lind/biography)​. ## Fourth-generation warfare theory (4GW) In 1989, Lind, alongside several U.S. military officers, helped originate the fourth-generation war (4GW) theory. He is the author of the "Maneuver Warfare Handbook" and co-author, with Hart, of "America Can Win: The Case for Military Reform." Lind has also written for various publications, including the Marine Corps Gazette, Defense and the National Interest, and The American Conservative​[1](https://www.howold.co/person/william-s-lind/biography)​. For many years, Lind served as the Director of the Center for Cultural Conservatism at the Free Congress Foundation. In this role, he advocated for a Declaration of Cultural Independence by cultural conservatives in the United States. He argued that the federal government had ceased to represent their interests and was instead coercing them into negative behavior and negatively affecting their culture. He also worked with [[Paul Weyrich]] on behalf of the Free Congress Foundation to advocate for government funding for mass transit programs, particularly urban rail transit​. Lind was also an associate publisher of a quarterly magazine called "The New Electric Railway Journal" from 1988 to 1996, and he co-hosted a monthly program about light rail on the National Empowerment Television network. A self-proclaimed conservative and monarchist, Lind has been a vocal critic of neoconservatism and a staunch supporter of a non-interventionist (aka [[isolationist]]) foreign policy​. ## Cultural Marxism proponent In December 2009, Lind announced that he was leaving the staff of the Center and that his series of articles was on hiatus​. He also authored "Victoria: A Novel of 4th Generation War," a book in which a group of "Christian Marines" leads an armed resistance against so-called [cultural Marxism](https://doctorparadox.net/gop-myths/what-is-cultural-marxism/) as the US federal government collapses​. Lind's views and writings have been controversial, with the Southern Poverty Law Center identifying him as a principal promoter of the Cultural Marxism conspiracy theory. This theory alleges that a group of Jewish-German philosophers, the Frankfurt School, seized control of American popular culture and have systematically subverted Christian churches and ethics within the US​. Furthermore, his work has been included in the manifesto of Anders Breivik, with 27 pages taken directly from his writing​. Overall, William S. Lind has had a significant impact on conservative thought, particularly through his development of 4GW theory and his controversial writings on cultural conservatism and Marxism​. See also: [[antisemitism]]